June 24, 2010

Age-Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD) {A Complimentary from Rushabh Eye Hospital,India}

By Staff in Categories: Laser Eye Surgery Info

Age Related Macular Degeneration How do we see the world? - In the Normal Eye, the lens is clear & transparent, -which focuses light on the retina -To produce sharp image & clear picture. ARMD: This is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss in people over age of 60 years. The retina has two parts: The Peripheral retina and central part called as Macula. This is the only part which is capable of producing a sharp and crisp image. Any damage to Macula will lead to blurred vision, wavy vision, even loss in Central part of vision. There are two types of ARMD: Dry AMD and Wet AMD- What is Dry AMD-? -This is the most common type -There are few round deposits called drusens appear beneath the retina -Development of large drusens may lead to decreased vision -Dry type if MD is slow progressive loss of vision What is wet AMD-? -here the central part of the retina is called as macula which is capable of producing sharp image -beneath the macula, the abnormal blood vessels starts growing -They leak and bleed leading to more severe vision loss. AMD is diagnosed by a specialized test called Fundus Fluorescein Angiogram (FFA) Treatment options available: -Argon Laser Photocoagulation -TTT -PDT Tips for AMD Patients: -Use bright light -good diet -stop smoking -monitor your vision with Amslers grid

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